Enlightenment Art: Neoclassicism.

Art of the Enlightenment embodied the ideals of the era: it was direct, clear-cut, and balanced. It was called neoclassicism, and was based upon imitating the styles of ancient Greece and Rome. The fruition of this style was influenced heavily by archaeological discoveries in Rome & Greece, as well as the sense of directness & proportionalism that classical art had, which was in line with ideals of the time.

Neoclassical Architecture- based heavily on symmetry, as well as signs of ancient Greek and Roman architecture, including tall columns, pediments, and domed roofs (architecture.about.com).

Old Stock Exchange (Trieste, Italy)

US Capitol Building

Enlightenment painting & sculpture-based primarily on displaying virtue and morals, as well as the importance of reason over emotions.

“Artists and critics believed that it should once again serve the nation and be good for the people, just as it had for the ancient Greeks and Romans. Classical art had depicted serious subjects in a serious way, and so late eighteenth century artists and architects deliberately began imitating Roman and Greek art.” (Art Archive)

The Death of Socrates by Jaques Louis David

Oath of the Horatii by Jaques-Louis David

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