Archive for November, 2010

Tripartite Pact

Tuesday, November 30th, 2010

The tripartite pact was signed in Berlin, Germany on September 27th, 1940, and the pact established the three main axis powers of World War 2, respectively Germany, Italy, and Japan. The agreement stated that over the next 10 years the countries would stand by and cooperate with each other in all political, economic, and militaristic means if one of the three countries was attacked. Later Hungary, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, and Croatia joined.

The Last Survivor: George Ives

Tuesday, November 30th, 2010

This video tell the story of the last surviving veteran of the Boer War, George Ives.  George Ives was born November 17, 1881 in Brighton, England.  In 1899, he enlisted in the Army.  After the war he married and had six children.  But after Britain joined World War one Ives could no longer enlist.  George Ives died April 12, 1993 at the age of 111.

Battle Lines: Last Boer War Veteran

The Boer War

Tuesday, November 30th, 2010

The Boer war was a conflict between the British empire and the Boer republic during 1899 through 1902.  Before the conflict began, gold was discovered in Transvaal.  This discovery resulted in a sudden rush of thousands of British miners to the Boer republic.  Due to this influx of British miners, the Boers decided to allow the miners to acquire only second class citizenship, pay higher taxes, and would not be allowed to receive the right to vote.  Unhappy British miners revolted with the British Empire to back them.  Unable to defeat the British Empire, the Boers signed the Treaty of Vereeniging, which made Transvaal a British colony.

The 1st Factory Act

Monday, November 29th, 2010

from movilleinishowen.com

The first Factory Act was passed in 1833. It was a huge step in setting up the laws that would better the lives of those working in factories.  The act restricted work hours for children under 13 to 9 hours and children under 18 to 69 hour work weeks. Children under the age of 9 were not allowed to work.

Factory owners were now required to have an certificate for thier children workers. Children were no longer allowed to work at night and had to have two hours of schooling each day.

The Great Reform Bill of 1832.

Monday, November 29th, 2010

The Great Reform Bill of 1832 give voting rights to the property-owning middle class. It added clout to the emerging industrial class. Posted below is a link to the journals of some the men who had to the power pass the bill.

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/PR1832.htm

The Commerical Diamond Industry

Monday, November 29th, 2010

A lecture a few weeks back regarding De Beers and the relatively new concept of commerical diamonds reminded me of one of my personal favorite documentaries.

Link

The Industrial Revolution

Monday, November 29th, 2010

Isambard Kingdom Brunel should, in my book, be credited with kicking off the Industrial Revolution.

Germany During its Peak

Sunday, November 28th, 2010

Germany started expanding its territory by invading and annexing Poland in the fall of 1939, however this is hardly where the countries expansion stopped, at the peak of German power the Germans ruled almost all of continental Europe. The following map is an example of the territory Germany ruled at the height of its power.

http://warbirdsofww2.tripod.com/images/etomap.gif

Tsar Nicholas II’s 1908 arrangment with Austria

Sunday, November 28th, 2010

The Black Hand made their attempts clear in forming a great union of Southern Slavs, in the regions of the Austrian Empire, when on June 28th, 1914 they assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary. Previously in 1908, Russian Tsar Nicholas II laid out an informal arrangement, with Austria, that Russia would support Austria’s attempt to annex themselves from Bosnia and Herzegovina. In return Austria would support Russia’s attempts in securing a naval force that would sail from the Black Sea, through the former Ottoman city Dardanelles, and into the Mediterranean. Shortly after the assassination of Ferdinand, the Austrian and Russian armies began mobilizing their forces and declared war on Serbia.

Russian Military Movements during WWI

1947: The Creation of the CIA

Thursday, November 25th, 2010

During World War II the Office of Strategic Services was the intelligence organization responsible for clandestine services in the European and Pacific theatres. However, from 1946-1947 the organization’s responsibilities were split between the War and State Departments. It was not until the National Security Act of 1947 that one single department existed as an umbrella organization for the U.S. intelligence community.

The first acting director of the CIA was Rear Admiral Roscoe H. Hillenkoetter. However, it was not until the 1950’s that the Agency became fully fledged. Some of the first operations occurred in Cuba and Indo-China as well as continued surveillance of Soviet Russia. For further information about the CIA and its functions/former missions see the CIA page on Wikipedia.