Major Works of teh Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Ceneturies

1859 – Charles Darwin, Origin of the Species by Means of Natural Selection – scientific literature that raised fundamental questions about the time frame and process of creation.  Introduced a model to explain how creatures came to existence, which challenged the theory of divine intervention.  It proposed the principle of natural selection as a process of evolution.
1867 – John Stuart Mill, The Subjectivity of Women – essay written which stated an argument for equality between sexes.

1871 – Charles Darwin, Descent of Man – scientific work in which he applies his theory of evolution to human beings.
1878 – Leo Tolstoy, Anna Karenina – regarded as the pinnacle of realistic fiction.  Tale of love and adultery in a high society Moscow and St. Petersburg setting and the disastrous love affair between Anna and the army officer, Count Vronsky.

1879 – Henrik Ibsen, A Doll’s House – play written about a typical housewife who becomes disillusioned and dissatisfied with her husband.  This is often regarded as the first true feminist play.

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