Archive for the ‘Chapter 20: The Consolidation of Nation States’ Category

Friday, October 8th, 2010

This is a map of the unification of The Kingdom of Italy from 1815-1870. Italy was originally split in 1815 into two kingdoms: The Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia and the Kingdom of Two Sicilies. This map shows the dates of when certain areas began to unite together to form the Kingdom of Italy.

Italian Unification 1815-1870

This is a video about the Italian Unification. It does a pretty good job describing the events and how it occurred.
Italian Unification Video from YouTube

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This video is even better at explaining the unification. It covers from the fall of Napoleon to the unification itself.
Fall of Napoleon Into the Unification of Italy

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Thursday, October 7th, 2010

Tchaikovsky : Symphony No. 4, Finale

This song by Tachaikovsky gives a glimpse into what life was like during this changing period of Russian history. An excellent song which seems to captivate Russia During the period of 1861-1914 .  During this period Russia was most concerned about expanding their land territory.  When past Russian culture pushed for a drive east, the high culture instead thought west was the best plan of action.  Also during this period a large amount of peasants serfs gained freedom, but was met with the harsh reality that not land was made aviable.  As a reuslt many were forced to pay a tribute to the owner of land, thus causing many to fall into serious debt.  Suprisingly enought it wasnt untill 1906 than this was ambolished and serfs were given their respective land.

Nationalism and Race

Tuesday, October 5th, 2010

Before the Enlightenent Jews were not very welcome in Europe, they were “portrayed as murderers of Christ and as disloyal subjects” (the west, pg 571).  However during the enlightenment Europe started to ease up a little bit, things such as legal restrictions were were not as tough anymore. A jewish scholar by the name of Moses Mendelssohn  was not willing to give up on Jews having rights and urged other Jewish people to form to some of the European lifestyles and cultures.  During the 1880’s when things were just starting to look up and jews were becoming strong members of professions Alexander II was assassinated. Jews were wrongly blamed for this death and therefore were tortured, killed, children were hurt and lots of property was destroyed.


anti- Jewish Pogrom

Ottoman Failure

Thursday, September 30th, 2010

Ottoman March

During this period, the Empire faced challenges in defending itself against foreign invasion and occupation. The Empire ceased to enter conflicts on its own and began to forge alliances with European countries such as France, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and Russia. As an example, in the 1853 Crimean War the Ottomans united with the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the Second French Empire, and the Kingdom of Sardinia against the Russian Empire.

The Crimean War caused an exodus of the Crimean Tatars. From the total Tatar population of 300,000 in the Tauride Province, about 200,000 Crimean Tatars moved to the Ottoman Empire in continuing waves of emigration.[46] Toward the end of the Caucasian Wars, many Circassians fled their homelands in the Caucasus and settled in the Ottoman Empire. Since the 19th century, the exodus to present-day Turkey by the large portion of Muslim peoples from the Balkans, Caucasus, Crimea and Crete,[47] had great influence in molding the country’s fundamental features. These people were called Muhaci under a general definition.


The United States and Western Europe

Friday, September 10th, 2010

Industrial Power is one of the three major developments in the United States that followed after the Civil War. Three men were very noteworthy in dominating major industries during this time; Andrew Carnegie, John D. Rockefeller and J.P. Morgan, all of which held very high positions whether it be in the steel industry, oil production or banking.




Timeline and Italian Unification

Thursday, September 9th, 2010

This website: Chronology of the Consolidation of Nation States shows a good timeline of when European nation states began to unify with each other.

The chapter begins with the Italian Unification. The political union and constitutional government was introduced by Count Camillo Cavour who was the chief minitster to King Victor Emmanuel II Count Camillo Cavor
King Victor Emmanuel II

The Consolidation of Nation-States (Germany)

Tuesday, September 7th, 2010

Otto Con Bismark helped contribute to the idea of nationalism with his quest for national unity among all Germanic peoples.  Otto was a Prussian/German statesman of the late 19th century, and a dominant figure in world affairs. As Ministerpräsident, or Minister-President, of Prussia from 1862–1890, he oversaw the unification of Germany. In 1867 he became Chancellor of the North German Confederation. He is often regarded as the “Iron Chancler.”

Chapter 20.

Monday, August 30th, 2010

Chapter 20: The Consolidation of Nation States

Larger Issue: Is nationalism a constructive force in the modern age?

Italian Unification

The Creation of Modern Germany

Constitutional Change in France and Britain

The Waning of the Habsburg, Russian, and Ottoman Empires

The United States and Western Europe

Nationalism and Race